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The Academy exhibit closely mimics the penguins' natural environment through both its physical variability and changing climatic conditions.

Additional research is needed on the impacts of fishing and predation, reintroduction and translocation techniques, and shifts in penguins' food sources.There is never a dull moment in the penguin exhibit.You can watch our penguins exhibiting this behavior when walking on land and approaching a nest box.Ecstatic Display The most common and loudest behavior of the African Penguin is the ecstatic display, seen and heard every day in the exhibit.The good news is that African penguins are finding a strong ally in the Species Survival Plan (SSP), a program sponsored by the California Academy of Sciences and 53 other zoos and scientific institutions in the U. Since 1983, numerous chicks hatched at the Academy have moved to other zoos and aquariums around the country in order to maximize long-term genetic diversity in the captive-bred population.

That population acts as a reservoir for genetic diversity, and could eventually be used to bolster wild penguin populations.

Based on major population declines (at least 90 percent over the 20th century), African penguins were designated as an endangered species in September 2010 by the IUCN and the USFWS.

In 1930, there were roughly a million of these charmers in their native West African habitat, but penguin biologists now estimate that there are only about 25,000 African penguin pairs remaining in the wild.

We've rounded up some of the sexiest encounters in movie history; prepare to swoon.

Celebrate Easter Monday on April 17 at the Smithsonian's National Zoo with family-focused activities, including special animal demonstrations, field games, live entertainment, an egg hunt and a visit from the Easter Panda.

The waters off South Africa contain major shipping lanes, and oil spills are frequent and deadly for African penguins.